Veliki Preslav was established more than 1100 years ago as a town-fortress under the reign of Knyaz Boris I (852 – 889). After the Preslav Council of the Church and the People of 893 it was declared the capital of the Bulgarian state.
Preslav was known as a spiritual and literary centre where the development of the Slavic written language and the Golden Age of Bulgaria during the rule of Tsar Simeon I (who reigned in the period 893 – 927) took place.In medieval Bulgaria Preslav became one of the most beautiful and grandeur towns in Southeastern Europe where significant monuments of the culture of Pliska and Preslav were later discovered.
Situated on a rocky peninsula on the Black Sea, the more than 3,000-year-old site of Nessebar was
originally a Thracian settlement (Menebria). At the beginning of the 6th century BC, the city became a
Greek colony. The city’s remains, which date mostly from the Hellenistic period, include the acropolis,
a temple of Apollo, an agora and a wall from the Thracian fortifications. Among other monuments, the
Stara Mitropolia Basilica and the fortress date from the Middle Ages, when this was one of the most
important Byzantine towns on the west coast of the Black Sea. Wooden houses built in the 19th century are typical of the Black Sea architecture of the period.
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